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Potatoes

Potatoes Potatoes are grown all across NYS, though the largest farms tend to be located in Western NY, the Finger Lakes Region and on Long Island, on deep, fertile, light- to medium-textured mineral soils, and on muck (organic) soils. Potatoes are grown on small, medium and large farms, for retail, wholesale (east of the Mississippi) and organic markets, for both fresh market and processing into chips, and for certified seed potatoes. Most growers store some of their crop for winter sales. Varieties include round whites, red-skinned potatoes, yellows, and a smaller acreage of a wide variety of specialty types, such as those with blue or red skin and flesh, fingerlings, etc. Potatoes are one of the highest value vegetables in NY, grown on 16,000 acres, with an average value of about $54.9 million recently (2014 Vegetable Summary).

Potatoes have many serious insect and disease pests. Late blight can be a devastating disease, capable of completely destroying an unprotected crop within 3 weeks in wet weather, and rotting the tubers. Late blight was the major cause of the Irish Potato Famine. It also affects tomatoes. New, more virulent strains of late blight fungus began showing up 20 years ago and the disease has been harder to predict and control ever since. Early blight is a common fungal disease on both potatoes and tomatoes which survives over-winter in the soil. Colorado potato beetles can cause serious defoliation if crops are not rotated up to a quarter mile from where they, tomatoes or eggplant were previously planted. They can rapidly become resistant to commonly used insecticides. Tiny, sucking leafhoppers move up from the south each June on weather systems, and can cause severe leaf burn and yield reduction. Aphids can also be a production problem as well as carrying viral diseases that can affect potatoes grown from saved seed. 

Most Recent Potatoes Content

Potato Variety Trial, 2017

Last Modified: April 3, 2018
Potato Variety Trial, 2017

The CCE Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture Program evaluated 21 varieties of potatoes in 2017 in white skin lines, red skin lines, yellow flesh lines, specialty lines, and russets.

Video: New York State Produce Auctions

Last Modified: March 8, 2018
Video: New York State Produce Auctions

Currently, there are 8 produce auctions in New York State. These auctions are aggregation points that allow local farmers to sell their produce in wholesale lots to buyers from across the region. To document the economic impact of produce auctions on agriculture, local businesses, family farms, and produce buyers, the Cornell Vegetable Program worked with Harvest New York to survey top sellers and buyers.

A new Cornell Vegetable Program video shares general information about produce auctions, how buyers and sellers use the auctions to expand their businesses, and how local communities benefit from them.

Growing for Wholesale: Vegetable Grading/Sizing Templates

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

Last Modified: February 21, 2018
Growing for Wholesale: Vegetable Grading/Sizing Templates

To further assist farmers looking to sell into the wholesale markets, the Cornell Vegetable Program has put together some helpful tools. The tools provided here consist of a color photo guide highlighting the grades of some of the most common vegetables grown for wholesale market in WNY. To aid in the visualization of the grading sizes, the templates are available here for you to print off. These are scaled to size and can be used to create sizing templates to be used by workers on the wash and pack lines.



More Potatoes Content

2017 NYS Certified Seed Potato Crop Directory
Organic Production Guides
Video: Flea Beetles
Best Management Practices for Dickeya in Potato Production in the Northeast
North American Certified Seed Potato Health Certificate (NACSPHC)
Bacterial Blackleg - An Increasing Problem for Potato Growers
Pesticide Options for Pests of Potato in New York, 2016
Canadian and European Varieties for the Fresh Market
Priaxor: New Fungicide for Upstate NY Growers
2014 Upstate New York Potato Variety Trial Report
Control of Colorado Potato Beetle & Insecticide Resistance Management
2014 Potato Disease Management Strategies for Conventional & Organic Production
2014 Potato Fungicide Roster and Ratings with Emphasis on Late Blight Control
Diagnosis and Management of Potato Tuber Diseases
Determining Late Blight Sensitivity to Ridomil Takes Time
Application Equipment for Potato Post-Harvest Disease Control
Late Blight Sample Collection and Submission to Bill Fry, Cornell
» View Complete List of Potatoes Content
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Upcoming Events

CANCELED: Women in Agriculture (WAVES) Discussion Group: Auxiliary Farm Income

November 11, 2019
M 6:00pm - 7:30pm
Warsaw, NY

Due to the inclement weather, we have had to cancel tonight's discussion group meeting.  Stay warm out there!  CVP will repost the event if we are able to reschedule for a different date - check back soon!


The final Women in Agriculture (WAVES) meeting, focused on auxiliary farm income, will be held Monday, November 11, 2019 at Burley's Berries and Blooms in Warsaw.

Our host, Megan Burley, runs a creative and diversified farm that uses the existing farm infrastructure and landscape assets to augment her business's primary strawberry and cut flower income. Megan will teach participants how to use farm products to craft unique, value added fall and winter wreaths to extend your marketing season and supplement your farm product offerings. Megan can also discuss how social media helps promote her auxiliary farm products to a broader audience.

Additionally, we will be discussing Christmas Tree Production as an alternative use of farmland. Katherine Humphrey of All Western Evergreen Nursery and Christmas Tree Farm in Springwater, NY will be present to discuss Christmas tree/tree production.  
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Farm Food Safety 2-Day Training with GAPs

December 3 - December 4, 2019
Tues-Weds, 8:30am - 4:30pm
East Aurora, NY

This training is geared for fresh produce farms looking to learn and implement food safety practices into their operations. If you are looking to find new markets, many buyers are requiring food safety training. Under the GAPs (Good Agricultural Practices) program this training will help prepare you for implementing food safety practices and move you forward for audit/certification through NY State Dept of Agriculture. If you are looking to sell to farm to school programs, many school districts require a training course.
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2019 Processing Vegetable Crops Advisory Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

December 17, 2019
9:30am - 12:10pm, 1pm - 2pm, and 2pm - 3:30pm
Batavia, NY

All are invited to attend and discuss the 2019 season for each crop, meet the new Cornell Weed Scientist and discuss weed management concerns, and receive updates on research conducted during 2019. Separate DEC and CCA credits will be available for each of the 3 crop meetings. The meeting is free of charge and there is no registration required.
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Announcements

Tarping for Reduced Tillage Workshop

Are you a vegetable farmer already using tarps? Or are you wondering if and how tarps could work best on your farm?

The Cornell Small Farms Program is offering a series of workshops on tarping for reduced tillage in Maine and New York this fall. Join a full-day intensive, farmer-to-farmer workshop to talk about how to use tarps for reduced and no-till vegetable production. They'll discuss tillage, weeds, and how to combine tarps with soil building practices -- like compost, mulches, and cover crops. You will learn from farmers as they share their successes and failures and hear research results from five years of tarping trials testing no-till practices side-by-side with conventional management. Join them to share your own methods and walk away with a plan to use tarps with less tillage on your farm. Read more about this event.

In WNY, the workshop will be held
Monday, November 18 at CCE Ontario County, 480 N Main St, Canandaigua, NY 14424 from 9:00am-4:00pm. Cost: $35 per person includes lunch and refreshments. Space is limited. Register now

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