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Potatoes

Potatoes Potatoes are grown all across NYS, though the largest farms tend to be located in Western NY, the Finger Lakes Region and on Long Island, on deep, fertile, light- to medium-textured mineral soils, and on muck (organic) soils. Potatoes are grown on small, medium and large farms, for retail, wholesale (east of the Mississippi) and organic markets, for both fresh market and processing into chips, and for certified seed potatoes. Most growers store some of their crop for winter sales. Varieties include round whites, red-skinned potatoes, yellows, and a smaller acreage of a wide variety of specialty types, such as those with blue or red skin and flesh, fingerlings, etc. Potatoes are one of the highest value vegetables in NY, grown on 16,000 acres, with an average value of about $54.9 million recently (2014 Vegetable Summary).

Potatoes have many serious insect and disease pests. Late blight can be a devastating disease, capable of completely destroying an unprotected crop within 3 weeks in wet weather, and rotting the tubers. Late blight was the major cause of the Irish Potato Famine. It also affects tomatoes. New, more virulent strains of late blight fungus began showing up 20 years ago and the disease has been harder to predict and control ever since. Early blight is a common fungal disease on both potatoes and tomatoes which survives over-winter in the soil. Colorado potato beetles can cause serious defoliation if crops are not rotated up to a quarter mile from where they, tomatoes or eggplant were previously planted. They can rapidly become resistant to commonly used insecticides. Tiny, sucking leafhoppers move up from the south each June on weather systems, and can cause severe leaf burn and yield reduction. Aphids can also be a production problem as well as carrying viral diseases that can affect potatoes grown from saved seed. 

Relevant Event

2019 Empire State Producers EXPO

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 15 - January 17, 2019
1.25 hr sessions throughout each day
Syracuse, NY

Most Recent Potatoes Content

Potato Variety Trial, 2017

Last Modified: April 3, 2018
Potato Variety Trial, 2017

The CCE Eastern NY Commercial Horticulture Program evaluated 21 varieties of potatoes in 2017 in white skin lines, red skin lines, yellow flesh lines, specialty lines, and russets.

Video: New York State Produce Auctions

Last Modified: March 8, 2018
Video: New York State Produce Auctions

Currently, there are 8 produce auctions in New York State. These auctions are aggregation points that allow local farmers to sell their produce in wholesale lots to buyers from across the region. To document the economic impact of produce auctions on agriculture, local businesses, family farms, and produce buyers, the Cornell Vegetable Program worked with Harvest New York to survey top sellers and buyers.

A new Cornell Vegetable Program video shares general information about produce auctions, how buyers and sellers use the auctions to expand their businesses, and how local communities benefit from them.

Growing for Wholesale: Vegetable Grading Templates

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

Last Modified: February 21, 2018
Growing for Wholesale: Vegetable Grading Templates

To further assist farmers looking to sell into the wholesale markets, the Cornell Vegetable Program has put together some helpful tools. The tools provided here consist of a color photo guide highlighting the grades of some of the most common vegetables grown for wholesale market in WNY. To aid in the visualization of the grading sizes, the templates are available here for you to print off. These are scaled to size and can be used to create sizing templates to be used by workers on the wash and pack lines.


More Potatoes Content

2017 NYS Certified Seed Potato Crop Directory
Organic Production Guides
Video: Flea Beetles
Best Management Practices for Dickeya in Potato Production in the Northeast
North American Certified Seed Potato Health Certificate (NACSPHC)
Bacterial Blackleg - An Increasing Problem for Potato Growers
Pesticide Options for Pests of Potato in New York, 2016
Canadian and European Varieties for the Fresh Market
Priaxor: New Fungicide for Upstate NY Growers
2014 Upstate New York Potato Variety Trial Report
Control of Colorado Potato Beetle & Insecticide Resistance Management
2014 Potato Disease Management Strategies for Conventional & Organic Production
2014 Potato Fungicide Roster and Ratings with Emphasis on Late Blight Control
Diagnosis and Management of Potato Tuber Diseases
Determining Late Blight Sensitivity to Ridomil Takes Time
Application Equipment for Potato Post-Harvest Disease Control
Late Blight Sample Collection and Submission to Bill Fry, Cornell
» View Complete List of Potatoes Content
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Upcoming Events

2018 Processing Snap Bean Advisory Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

December 4, 2018
10:00 AM - 12:30 PM, complimentary lunch following the meeting
Canandaigua, NY

Discuss the 2018 snap bean growing season and management concerns. Reports and discussion of the 2018 Snap Bean Research Projects funded by the Association. Review priorities and the role of the advisory group in applications for state and federal grants. Give your input on the format of future advisory meetings and future educational programs. 1.75 DEC recertification credits (categories 10, 1a, 23) will be offered.
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2018 Processing Vegetable Crops Advisory Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

December 12, 2018
9:30 AM - 12:30 PM and 1:15 - 3:00 PM
Batavia, NY

Sweet corn, pea, beet, and carrot processing growers and industry members are invited to attend. Discuss the 2018 growing season and management concerns. Reports and discussion of the 2018 Projects funded by the New York Vegetable Research Council/Association. Review priorities and the role of the advisory group in applications for state and federal grants. Give your input on the format of future advisory meetings and future educational programs. 
view details

2019 Empire State Producers EXPO

Event Offers DEC Credits

January 15 - January 17, 2019
1.25 hr sessions throughout each day
Syracuse, NY

The 2019 Empire State Producers Expo combines the major fruit, flower and vegetable associations of New York State in order to provide a comprehensive trade show and educational conference for New York producers, as well as the surrounding states and Eastern Canada. 
view details
view calendar of events

Announcements

Checklist for Cleaning a Root Barrel Washer

Don't miss those hard-to-reach places in your root barrel washer! Here is a checklist of areas to remember to clean to obtain an acceptable level of cleanliness completed in a reasonable about of time. Critical cleaning points are identified. 

Cleaning Your Conveyor Produce Washing System

As we learn more about reducing microbial risk on the produce farm, more emphasis is being placed on cleaning food contact surfaces. Accessing the hard to reach spaces in wash line equipment is challenging. Most of the equipment was not made to come apart very easily or in an economically efficient manner. 

This step-by-step checklist provides visual guidelines and suggestions for reasonably cleaning your conveyor produce washing system.

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