Cornell Vegetable Program Enrollment

Program Areas

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  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

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  • On-Farm Research Trials

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Pumpkins / Gourds

Pumpkins / Gourds New York State ranks among the top 3 states (Illinois and Pennsylvania are the other two) in pumpkin production in the country with over 5,500 acres of production with an estimated value of $20.5 million each year (2014 Vegetable Summary). Nearly all of these are for fresh market use for either decorating or eating. The pumpkin industry is highly variable with fruit ranging from quarter pound to several hundred pounds each. Pumpkins are grown throughout NYS and are marketed through roadside stands, nursery centers and farmers markets and are also important in areas that have lots of agri-tourism. Included in this group are also other fall ornamentals such as gourds and ornamental squash. Pumpkins are susceptible to many different diseases, the most prevalent of those being Powdery Mildew, Downey Mildew and Phytopthroa blight. In the last eight years, plant breeders and seed companies have released a multitude of varieties resistant to Powdery Mildew and are widely used by growers. Another concern for growers are several different viruses which can cause plants to not produce fruit at all or results in poor fruit quality (size, color etc.). Striped Cucumber Beetles and Squash bugs remain the main insect pests. Aphids are also important because they are the primary vectors of those viruses mentioned above.

Relevant Events

Fresh Market Minutes - Eden Valley

August 1, 2017
9:00 AM - 10:00 AM
Eden, NY

2017 Vegetable Pest and Cultural Management Field Meeting - Chautauqua County

Event Offers DEC Credits

August 8, 2017
6:00 PM
Frewsburg, NY

Fresh Market Minutes - Eden Valley

August 15, 2017
9:00 AM - 10:00 AM
Eden, NY

Fresh Market Minutes - Eden Valley

August 29, 2017
9:00 AM - 10:00 AM
Eden, NY

Sustainable and Organic Vegetable Pest Management Field Day

Event Offers DEC Credits

August 29, 2017
3:00 PM - 9:00 PM
Portland, NY

Most Recent Pumpkins / Gourds Content

2017 Cucurbit Downy Mildew Management Guidelines

Last Modified: July 5, 2017
2017 Cucurbit Downy Mildew Management Guidelines

From Margaret McGrath, Cornell
Producing a high-quality cucurbit crop necessitates effectively managing downy mildew. This foliar disease is common in the northeast because the pathogen produces a large quantity of asexual spores that are easily dispersed long distances by wind, which enables it to spread widely. There has been no evidence that the pathogen is surviving between growing seasons where winter temperatures kill cucurbit crops (outdoors above the 30th latitude); however, recently both mating types have been found, albeit typically on different cucurbit crop types, thus there is the potential for the pathogen to produce oospores (sexual spores) that could enable the pathogen to survive in northern areas of the USA. The downy mildew forecasting program has documented based on downy mildew occurrence movement of the pathogen throughout the eastern USA each year via its wind-dispersed asexual spores. The pathogen does not affect fruit directly; however, affected leaves die prematurely which results in fewer fruit and/or fruit of low quality (poor flavor, sunscald, poor storability).

The most important component of an effective management program for downy mildew is an effective, properly-timed fungicide program. And the key to that is applying mobile fungicides targeted to the pathogen starting when there is a risk of the pathogen being present. Mobile (or translaminar) fungicides are needed for control on the underside of leaves. Each year there often are changes to the fungicides recommended as the pathogen develops resistance or new products are registered. Because these fungicides have targeted activity, additional fungicides must be added to the program when there is a need to manage other diseases such as powdery mildew. Most targeted fungicides effective for downy mildew are also effective for Phytophthora blight.

Video: Flea Beetles

Last Modified: June 5, 2017
Video: Flea Beetles

Flea beetles are a common vegetable pest affecting peppers, cucurbits, sweet potato, potato, peas, beans, beets, tomato, corn, turnip, pumpkin, melon, eggplant, and others. This short video gives you some general information about this pest.

Storage Conditions for Squash

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

Last Modified: December 13, 2016
Storage Conditions for Squash

From Vegetable MD Online:
A chart of recommended storage conditions for different culinary types and their storage life expectancy.


More Pumpkins / Gourds Content

How to Sign the Waiver for the Indemnified Dual Magnum Label
2015 Pumpkin Variety Trial
Guideline Tools: Weed Management in Cucurbits, 2015
Video: New York State Produce Auctions
Decision-Making Guide for Bee Supplementation of Pumpkin Fields
Early Pumpkin Ripening
2011 Pumpkin Herbicide Trial
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Upcoming Events

Muck Donut Hour Every Tuesday

August 1, 2017
8:30 - 9:30 AM
Elba, NY

Meet with Cornell Vegetable Program Specialist Christy Hoepting every Tuesday morning to ask questions and share your observations.
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Fresh Market Minutes - Eden Valley

August 1, 2017
9:00 AM - 10:00 AM
Eden, NY

Meet with the Cornell Vegetable Program Specialist Darcy Telenko every other Tuesday morning to ask questions and share your observations in fresh market vegetables.
view details

2017 Vegetable Pest and Cultural Management Field Meeting - Chautauqua County

Event Offers DEC Credits

August 8, 2017
6:00 PM
Frewsburg, NY

This course will demonstrate pest management in fresh market vegetables in both field and greenhouse (high tunnel) vegetables; primarily for those growing for wholesale auction. A hands-on demonstration of weed, insect and disease identification in vegetables including management options such as inter-row cover crops, grafting and where appropriate, spray options will be used to educate growers. CVP Specialists Judson Reid, DarcyTelenko, and Robert Hadad will instruct participants and facilitate peer-based learning. Details on each topic will focus on field observations at the farm. 
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Announcements

Late Blight Spreading Across WNY Counties

7/19/17 - Late blight (LB) was confirmed in Livingston County on potato this week (the genotype is still being determined). The sample from Erie County from last week was determined to be US-23 which is sensitive to metalaxyl. All of Western NY is at risk for Late Blight infection. Severity values continue build at all stations. The frequent and continuing rainfall has been extremely favorable for the development of LB. Scout fields twice a week. All tomato and potato growers, conventional and organic, should be applying a protectant fungicides and monitoring the DSS to determine spray intervals. Remember to rotate fungicide FRAC groups and use contact fungicides in your program to minimize the chances of fungicides resistance.

If late blight is suspected act immediately! Under favorable environmental conditions late blight develops very rapidly and can spread many miles in a short period. Please take a sample for isolate identification. It is very important to track disease movement. Contact CCE Cornell Vegetable Program Specialists for assistance.

Cucurbit Downy Mildew Confirmed in WNY

Cucurbit downy mildew has been confirmed in Erie County. There have also been confirmed reports from OH, PA and Ontario Canada. If you're planning on spraying cucumbers to control downy mildew, now is the time to do it!

Characteristic disease symptoms are angular, pale green areas bounded by the leaf veins. They will turn yellow and later necrotic. Under high humidity conditions sporulation will occur on the lower leaf surface. Apply targeted fungicides tank-mixed with protectant fungicides weekly and alternated among available modes of action (FRAC code), starting when there is risk for a specific crop based on forecasting program. Refer to the Cornell Vegetable Guidelines for a complete list of products available.

For more information about the disease, watch our new video Better Know a Pest: Downy Mildew or contact Robert Hadad or Darcy Telenko.

Better Know a Pest Video Series

The CCE Cornell Vegetable Program has created 3 new, short videos about common vegetable pests: flea beetlesswede midge, and downy mildew. The videos are part of a series called Better Know a Pest. Watch for more videos as the season progresses.

2017 Cornell Vegetable Guidelines Available

The 2017 edition of the Cornell Integrated Crop and Pest Management Guidelines for Commercial Vegetable Production is now available. This annual publication provides up-to-date vegetable crop production information for New York State. It is designed as a practical guide for vegetable crop producers, crop consultants, ag chemical dealers, and others who advise vegetable crop producers.

In addition to the annually revised pesticide and crop production information, highlighted changes in this edition of the
Vegetable Guidelines include:
  • Addition of Dickeya blackleg on potato as a disease of concern.
  • Updated regulatory considerations for organic vegetable production.
  • Revised European corn borer management strategies for beans and potatoes.
The Cornell Guidelines are available as a print copy ($41 plus shipping), online-only access ($41), or a package that combines print and online access ($57.50 plus shipping). Cornell Guidelines can be purchased through your local Cornell Cooperative Extension office or from the Cornell Store at Cornell University. To order from the Cornell Store, call (844) 688-7620 or order online.

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