Cornell Vegetable Program Enrollment

Program Areas

  • Food Safety
  • Variety Evaluation
  • Market Development
  • Pest Management
  • Cultural Practices

Enrollment Benefits

  • Telephone / Email Consultations
  • VegEdge Newsletter
  • Direct Mailings
  • Educational Meetings & Conferences
  • In-Field Educational Opportunities
  • On-Farm Research Trials

CVP Enrollment Form (PDF; 121KB)

Enrollee Login

Password:

Log In To Access:

  • Issues of VegEdge Newsletters
  • Helpful Diagnostic Tool:
      What's wrong with my crop?

Not an Enrollee? Enroll Now!

Online Enrollment Form

2019 Garlic School: Fusarium Management, Eriophyid Mite Trial, Bloat Nematode

Christy Hoepting, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

April 11, 2019

2019 Garlic School: Fusarium Management, Eriophyid Mite Trial, Bloat Nematode

The 2019 Garlic School featured final results from a 2-year study which focused on understanding and managing Fusarium disease of garlic. CVP Specialists, Christy Hoepting and Robert Hadad participated in this project, along with Dr. Frank Hay, Plant Pathologist at AgriTech, and CCE Extension Vegetable Specialists, Crystal Stewart (ENYCHP) and Sandy Menasha (CCE Suffolk Co.). 

Here is a brief description of each presentation. Full presentations can be downloaded at the bottom of the page.

Cultural Controls for Fusarium Management -- Crystal Stewart shared the results of the cultural practice study, which was repeated in 2017 and 2018, both in Eastern and Western New York. Treatments included porcelain vs. racombole types, raised vs. flat bed, black plastic, silver plastic, straw mulch and bare ground, fall vs. spring planted. Although none of these treatments had a strong effect on Fusarium diseases, white plastic resulted in the greatest proportion of jumbo-sized bulbs, while spring-planted garlic had the lowest yields.

2016-2018 Garlic Fusarium Trial Results (Part II): Nitrogen and Fungicides/Sanitizers -- Christy Hoepting shared the results of the effects of applied nitrogen, and the evaluation of fungicides and sanitizers on Fusarium diseases. These trials were repeated in 2017 and 2018 in Western NY (Batavia in 2017; Albion in 2018) and in Long Island. Nitrogen treatments included 50, 100 and 150 lb/A of applied inorganic nitrogen (single application in the spring). Sanitizer treatments included Oxidate/Terraclean seed dip and in-furrow treatments at planting, as well as a drench of Terraclean and Terragrow (biological package) over the row during the growing season. Fungicides included Maxim, Vibrance as well as the biological, Serifel. None of these treatments stood out as having much activity on Fusarium diseases of garlic. Interestingly, in 8 out of 8 side-by-sode comparisons, there was no difference in yield among 50, 100 and 150 lb/A of applied nitrogen. We also saw a slight increase in yield only when sanitizers were used with clean seed, and not when we used Fusarium-infested seed, or when we planted clean seed in soil that we artificially inoculated with Fusarium.

Diseases of Garlic -- Frank Hay described several diseases of garlic that occur in New York.  As part of the Fusarium project, samples of Fusarium were sent to Frank from across the state. Although he found six different species of Fusarium, the two most common were F. oxysporum and F. proliferatium. The general impression upon the completion of the Garlic Fusarium Project was that Fusarium diseases of garlic appear to not to be a primary pathogen, rather they are following something else, such as injury caused by insects of abiotic factors.  Other garlic diseases that Frank discussed included white rot, Botrytis, Alternaria embellisia, Anthraconose, Rhizopus and rust, as well as the newly discovered in New York, Eriophyid mite.

2018 Eriophyid Mite Control Trial Results -- Christy Hoepting shared results of an Eriophyid mite trial that she conducted using a severely infested seed lot in 2017-2018. Treatments included seed treatment, seed soak and foliar application of the miticide abamectin, seed soak with mineral oil + soap, hot water treatment and foliar application of Zeal. Seemingly clean cloves from the infested lot were included as a treatment along with clean seed from a clean lot. Key findings were emergence and germination of E. mite-infested seed was very poor and none of the treatments appeared to work. However, clean seed from the E. mite-infested had stands and yields that were statistically the same as clean seed.

Leek Moth Identification and Management Guide -- Crystal Stewart reviewed the leek moth handbook. Recent new reports of this pest include in Niagara County in Ontario, Canada. Thus, it is expected that the leek moth will show up soon in Western NY, if it is not here already.

Update on Bloat Nematode and Other Diseases of Garlic -- Robert Hadad reviewed a presentation on garlic bloat nematodes, as this pest continues to be a sporadic problem in garlic. Since growers have been making a concerted effort to not plant infested seed, this pest problem has lessened substantially since it first blew up in 2010.     



Cultural Controls for Fusarium Management (pdf; 5036KB)

2016-2018 Fusarium Trial Results (Part II): Nitrogen and Fungicides/Sanitizers (pdf; 9190KB)

Diseases of Garlic (pdf; 6965KB)

2018 Eriophyid Mite Control Trial Results (pdf; 9327KB)

Leek Moth Identification and Management Guide (pdf; 4472KB)

Update on Bloat Nematode and Other Diseases of Garlic (pdf; 18990KB)

more crops
Asparagus

Asparagus

Beets

Beets

Broccoli

Broccoli

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage

Cabbage

Carrots

Carrots

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Cucumbers

Cucumbers

Dry Beans

Dry Beans

Eggplant

Eggplant

Ethnic Vegetables

Ethnic Vegetables

Garlic

Garlic

Horseradish

Horseradish

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi

Leeks

Leeks

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Melons

Melons

Onions

Onions

Parsnips

Parsnips

Peas

Peas

Peppers

Peppers

Potatoes

Potatoes

Pumpkins / Gourds

Pumpkins / Gourds

Radishes

Radishes

Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Rutabaga

Rutabaga

Snap Beans

Snap Beans

Squash - Summer

Squash - Summer

Squash- Winter

Squash- Winter

Sweet Corn

Sweet Corn

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Turnips

Turnips

more crops

Upcoming Events

No upcoming events at this time.

Announcements

JOB POSTING: Onion Crop Scout

Be a Vital Part of New York Onion Production!

We are looking for someone who appreciates agriculture to scout commercial onion fields in Oswego Co. and/or Wayne Co. for 13 weeks during the summer, maximum 19 hours/week, who would return to the seasonal position annually.

As an Onion Crop Scout for the Cornell Vegetable Program (CVP), you will independently scout 11 commercial onion fields collecting data on insect pests, diseases, weeds and crop stage/quality. Scouting data will be summarized into a preliminary report which is finalized by Cornell's Onion Specialist. Growers use the scouting reports to inform their spray decisions, which enables an integrated approach to pest management. Your hard work will ensure grower engagement, implementation of research-based recommendations, and early detection of emerging issues. It is the "beating heart" of CVP's onion program.

Pay: $18.50/hr. No benefits. Personal mileage will be reimbursed at the federal rate.

Key Qualifications & Skills:
  • High School diploma and 6 months experience in an agriculture setting, or the equivalent combination of education and experience.
  • Must be able to meet the travel requirements of the position and have reliable transportation as well as have and maintain a valid and unrestricted New York State driver's license.
  • Visual concentration and attention to detail are required to detect pests and pest damage.
  • Able to work independently in collecting and summarizing data.
  • Must be able to work outdoors in all types of weather.
  • Proven experience in communicating effectively, both written and oral.
  • Preferred: Experience working with plants, plant disease and other pest identification.
Training will include being accompanied by a veteran onion scout for the first season with the intention of scouting independently in the second year, and ideally for several more years after.

Flexible on start and end dates, day(s) of week you work, and whether Oswego or Wayne or both counties are scouted. Our priority is finding someone who will return to the position annually.

Read details about the Onion Crop Scout position.

To apply (resume and cover letter): http://tiny.cc/Onion_Scout_WDR_00043345

NEWSLETTER  |   CURRENT PROJECTS  |   IMPACT IN NY  |   SPONSORSHIP  |   RESOURCES  |   SITE MAP