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Extending the Harvest Season with Fall Production

Robert Hadad, Extension Vegetable Specialist
Cornell Vegetable Program

July 11, 2013

Extending the Harvest Season with Fall Production
Late season production starts in mid spring. For a successful crop, start with a detailed plan. Designate an area specific for late season production so that management can take place in one spot rather than all over the farm. This will make cultivation, pest management, using row cover, and harvesting more efficient to manage.

Sow extra because you never know if the fall will be a mild one or not. A few extra warm weeks in October, November and even December can mean crops have more time to mature, can go later into storage, or can be protected longer under cover.

Several of the seed companies have segments in their catalogs or even separate catalogs to order late season and over wintering crop varieties. Read their descriptions carefully. Go heavy with tried and true types and experiment with a few new ones to see how they work. Some catalogs are from areas of the country where winters are milder so take their descriptions and planting dates with a grain of salt. We need to have things going at a tough time between hot Augusts and Septembers to cold cloudy wet spells in October. With diminishing sunlight, every cloudy day is like losing several sunny days making reaching maturity that much harder.

Set up plantings into beds and after last cultivation, put up low tunnel or Quick tunnel hoops. This will save time later if an early frost is forecasted and you have to cover things in a hurry.  If you are using row cover, you probably still have it laying in the aisles next your early planted beds. Pull it out of there, dry it off, roll it up, and put it where you can get to it next fall. Put your sand bags set aside near the beds covered to protect them from the sun. Fill more to replace any old torn ones.

For kale, Swiss chard, cutting celery, and parsley, it might be a good strategy to get these crops started early, like now, so that you have large ready-to-pick plants going into the fall. Growth often slows down on later season plantings especially when the weather is cloudy. These are big plants that can take up room and if they are not ready to produce, they are costing you money.

A planting schedule chart arranged by crop is provided below. It includes days to maturity, harvest date range, seeding date, transplant date, key notes, and over-wintering information.

For more information or if you have any questions, please contact Robert Hadad, Cornell Vegetable Regional Specialist.


Planting Schedule Chart for Fall Production (pdf; 243KB)

more crops
Asparagus

Asparagus

Beets

Beets

Broccoli

Broccoli

Brussels Sprouts

Brussels Sprouts

Cabbage

Cabbage

Carrots

Carrots

Cauliflower

Cauliflower

Cucumbers

Cucumbers

Dry Beans

Dry Beans

Eggplant

Eggplant

Ethnic Vegetables

Ethnic Vegetables

Garlic

Garlic

Horseradish

Horseradish

Kohlrabi

Kohlrabi

Leeks

Leeks

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Lettuce / Leafy Greens

Melons

Melons

Onions

Onions

Parsnips

Parsnips

Peas

Peas

Peppers

Peppers

Potatoes

Potatoes

Pumpkins / Gourds

Pumpkins / Gourds

Radishes

Radishes

Rhubarb

Rhubarb

Rutabaga

Rutabaga

Snap Beans

Snap Beans

Squash - Summer

Squash - Summer

Squash- Winter

Squash- Winter

Sweet Corn

Sweet Corn

Sweet Potatoes

Sweet Potatoes

Tomatoes

Tomatoes

Turnips

Turnips

more crops

Upcoming Events

CANCELED: Women in Agriculture (WAVES) Discussion Group: Auxiliary Farm Income

November 11, 2019
M 6:00pm - 7:30pm
Warsaw, NY

Due to the inclement weather, we have had to cancel tonight's discussion group meeting.  Stay warm out there!  CVP will repost the event if we are able to reschedule for a different date - check back soon!


The final Women in Agriculture (WAVES) meeting, focused on auxiliary farm income, will be held Monday, November 11, 2019 at Burley's Berries and Blooms in Warsaw.

Our host, Megan Burley, runs a creative and diversified farm that uses the existing farm infrastructure and landscape assets to augment her business's primary strawberry and cut flower income. Megan will teach participants how to use farm products to craft unique, value added fall and winter wreaths to extend your marketing season and supplement your farm product offerings. Megan can also discuss how social media helps promote her auxiliary farm products to a broader audience.

Additionally, we will be discussing Christmas Tree Production as an alternative use of farmland. Katherine Humphrey of All Western Evergreen Nursery and Christmas Tree Farm in Springwater, NY will be present to discuss Christmas tree/tree production.  
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Farm Food Safety 2-Day Training with GAPs

December 3 - December 4, 2019
Tues-Weds, 8:30am - 4:30pm
East Aurora, NY

This training is geared for fresh produce farms looking to learn and implement food safety practices into their operations. If you are looking to find new markets, many buyers are requiring food safety training. Under the GAPs (Good Agricultural Practices) program this training will help prepare you for implementing food safety practices and move you forward for audit/certification through NY State Dept of Agriculture. If you are looking to sell to farm to school programs, many school districts require a training course.
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2019 Processing Vegetable Crops Advisory Meeting

Event Offers DEC Credits

December 17, 2019
9:30am - 12:10pm, 1pm - 2pm, and 2pm - 3:30pm
Batavia, NY

All are invited to attend and discuss the 2019 season for each crop, meet the new Cornell Weed Scientist and discuss weed management concerns, and receive updates on research conducted during 2019. Separate DEC and CCA credits will be available for each of the 3 crop meetings. The meeting is free of charge and there is no registration required.
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Announcements

Tarping for Reduced Tillage Workshop

Are you a vegetable farmer already using tarps? Or are you wondering if and how tarps could work best on your farm?

The Cornell Small Farms Program is offering a series of workshops on tarping for reduced tillage in Maine and New York this fall. Join a full-day intensive, farmer-to-farmer workshop to talk about how to use tarps for reduced and no-till vegetable production. They'll discuss tillage, weeds, and how to combine tarps with soil building practices -- like compost, mulches, and cover crops. You will learn from farmers as they share their successes and failures and hear research results from five years of tarping trials testing no-till practices side-by-side with conventional management. Join them to share your own methods and walk away with a plan to use tarps with less tillage on your farm. Read more about this event.

In WNY, the workshop will be held
Monday, November 18 at CCE Ontario County, 480 N Main St, Canandaigua, NY 14424 from 9:00am-4:00pm. Cost: $35 per person includes lunch and refreshments. Space is limited. Register now

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